Native to North America, the white cedar is part of the Cupressaceous family. The slow-growing evergreen does best in United States Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 2 to 7. It can reach heights of 25 to 40 feet when it reaches full maturity. The canopy of the white cedar tree can spread up to 12 feet.
Eastern white cedar is a medium-size tree. Mature trees are about 12 to 15 metres tall and 30 to 60 centimetres in diameter. The largest trees are more than 30 metres tall and 80 centimetres in diameter. Eastern white cedars growing in swamps and other lowland sites can live for 400 years.
Likewise, where do white cedar trees grow? Choose a planting location that has partial shade to full sun. The white cedar isn’t fussy about its sunlight requirement. The soil can be sandy, loamy or clay. Plant several white cedar trees as a natural fence line or screen.
Besides, how fast do white cedars grow?
It is one of the fastest growing cedars. It can grow 30 – 60 centimeters (1-2 feet) per year. As a hedge it will make an excellent wind and noise breaker. It can be kept as a hedge from 1.8 – 2.4 meters (6 – 7 feet) or let grow to a taller hedge.
What is white cedar?
Thuja occidentalis, also known as northern white–cedar, eastern white cedar, or eastern arborvitae, is an evergreen coniferous tree, in the cypress family Cupressaceae, which is native to eastern Canada and much of the north, central and upper Northeastern United States, but widely cultivated as an ornamental plant.
Is white cedar toxic?
Oil from Northern White Cedar foliage is said to be poisonous, particularly if taken in large doses.
How long will a cedar tree live?
about 150 years
What is the difference between white and black cedar trees?
Color Difference White cedar is a slightly lighter green than black cedar’s darker and denser shade of emerald green. The bark of the black cedar is a dark red-brown, whereas the white cedar’s bark is a lighter shade of brown.
How deep are cedar roots?
Hard, packed, dry soil will prevent trees from developing deep, sturdy roots. In ideal conditions, trees have been known to develop roots down to 20 feet below the surface of the soil, but in most cases, the deepest roots are 6 to 7 feet down.
How quickly do cedar trees grow?
The average growth rate of cedar trees differs slightly by species, but most cedars have a medium to fast growth rate. Michael Dirr, in his “Manual of Woody Landscape Plants,” classifies a medium growth rate as 13 to 24 inches per year, and a fast growth rate as 25 inches or more.
What is the difference between red cedar and white cedar?
Cut into these two trees, and the color of the wood differs greatly. Western Red Cedar gets its name from its red color, while Northern White Cedar is lighter and has a yellow hue. Western Red Cedars grow significantly bigger than their Northern cousins, so they contain a larger ring of sapwood.
How fast do black cedar trees grow?
Black Cedar will grow to be about 20 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 7 feet. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 1 foot from the ground, and is suitable for planting under power lines. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 50 years or more.
Why is Thuja called the Tree of Life?
Thuja, stemming from the classical Latin word “thya” or “thyia” meaning arborvitae or tree of life, was the genus name given to represent a group of evergreen trees in the Cupressaceae (cypress) family. It also represents the tree’s tendency to resist rot and live a very, very long life- sometimes up to 800 years!
How often do you water a cedar hedge?
One of the of the most important things you can do for your shrubs is to water them properly. If the weather is hot or dry, you should water your cedar hedges at least once a week, for over an hour or so. To prevent browning, keep the soil moist (but not soaked), especially when it is dry to the touch.
How do I keep my cedar hedge healthy?
Maintain the health of your cedar hedge by fertilizing it at specific times during the year only, as excess fertilizing can result in damage or death of your hedge. Fertilize your cedar hedge in the early spring when flowers and plants are blooming. Use a 30-10-10 water-soluble fertilizer on the soil around the hedge.
How much can you cut off a cedar hedge?
Trim your hedges Cedars will grow from 1 to 3 feet (30-90 cm) a year, so you will want to stay on top of the trimming duties before growth gets out of hand. When you trim your hedges, remove one third to two thirds of the length of the current year’s growth.
What is the best time to trim a cedar hedge?
The ideal time to trim a cedar hedge is from early to late June, depending on your climate, after the lilacs have finished blooming. At this point, it has pretty much finished growing for the year, but its new growth will still be a lighter green than the previous year’s stems.
How much sun do Emerald cedars need?
It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 30 years. This shrub does best in full sun to partial shade. It prefers to grow in average to moist conditions, and shouldn’t be allowed to dry out. It is not particular as to soil type or pH.