What are the 3 major ethical theories?

These three theories of ethics (utilitarian ethics, deontological ethics, virtue ethics) form the foundation of normative ethics conversations.

In the study of ethics there are three types of ethical theories: intuition-based, end-based and duty-based. These three types of ethics seek to describe the rules, behavioral trends and moral codes that govern — or ought to govern — human behavior.

Additionally, what are the 7 ethical theories? Generally, I propose that Individuals use at least one of the following six ethical theories to reason their ethical decisions within organizations: ethical egoism, utilitarianism, deontology, ethics of care, rights theory, and the theory of justice.

Also asked, what are the main ethical theories?

Four broad categories of ethical theory include deontology, utilitarianism, rights, and virtues.

What are the 6 ethical theories?

Six principal ethical philosophies can and should be used to analyze a situation. They are the categorical imperative, utilitarianism, hedonism, the golden mean, the golden rule, and the veil of ignorance. These are the principle theories that have survived from 2500 years of Western moral philosophy.

What does deontology focus on?

Deontology (or Deontological Ethics) is an approach to Ethics that focuses on the rightness or wrongness of actions themselves, as opposed to the rightness or wrongness of the consequences of those actions (Consequentialism) or to the character and habits of the actor (Virtue Ethics).

What is the best ethical theory?

Utilitarianism is an ethical theory that determines right from wrong by focusing on outcomes. It is a form of consequentialism. Utilitarianism holds that the most ethical choice is the one that will produce the greatest good for the greatest number.

Why are ethical theories important?

Ethical theory is absolutely necessary because general rules are not always sufficient, moral decisions must be justified, and conventional morality is not always correct. This theory values each individual person, while the teleological approach can sometimes allow individuals to be used as means to an end.

What is ethical decision making?

Ethical decision-making refers to the process of evaluating and choosing among alternatives in a manner consistent with ethical principles. In making ethical decisions, it is necessary to perceive and eliminate unethical options and select the best ethical alternative.

What is deontological theory of ethics?

In moral philosophy, deontological ethics or deontology (from Greek δέον, deon, “obligation, duty”) is the normative ethical theory that the morality of an action should be based on whether that action itself is right or wrong under a series of rules, rather than based on the consequences of the action.

What is the opposite of utilitarianism?

Deontology is the opposite of utilitarianism.

What are the 3 branches of ethics?

Three common frameworks are deontology, utilitarianism, and virtue ethics. The last branch is applied ethics. It addresses specific, practical issues of moral importance such as war and capital punishment.

What are the types ethics?

Philosophers today usually divide ethical theories into three general subject areas: metaethics, normative ethics, and applied ethics. Metaethics investigates where our ethical principles come from, and what they mean. The lines of distinction between metaethics, normative ethics, and applied ethics are often blurry.

What are the 7 ethical principles?

Terms in this set (7) beneficence. good health and welfare of the patient. nonmaleficence. Intetionally action that cause harm. autonomy and confidentiality. Autonomy(freedon to decide right to refuse)confidentiality(private information) social justice. Procedural justice. veracity. fidelity.

What is an example of consequentialism?

Consequentialism is an ethical theory that judges whether or not something is right by what its consequences are. For instance, most people would agree that lying is wrong. Two examples of consequentialism are utilitarianism and hedonism.

What is Kantian theory?

Kantian ethics refers to a deontological ethical theory ascribed to the German philosopher Immanuel Kant. Central to Kant’s construction of the moral law is the categorical imperative, which acts on all people, regardless of their interests or desires. Kant formulated the categorical imperative in various ways.

What are the two ethical systems?

Ethical systems can generally be broken down into three categories: deontological, teleological and virtue-based ethics. The first two are considered deontic or action-based theories of morality because they focus entirely on the actions which a person performs.

What are the four branches of ethics?

Four Branches of Ethics Descriptive Ethics. Normative Ethics. Meta Ethics. Applied Ethics.

What are ethical theories in health care?

These may include prominent ethical theories such as moral relativism, utilitarianism, Kantian absolutism, Aristotle’s virtue ethics and ethics of care, as well as the key ethical principles in healthcare (autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and justice).