Usage – Pronoun Reference. A pronoun is a word used to stand for (or take the place of) a noun. A pronoun should refer clearly to one, clear, unmistakable noun coming before the pronoun. This noun is called the pronoun’s antecedent.
In traditional grammar, faulty pronoun reference is a catch-all term for a pronoun (often a personal pronoun) that doesn’t refer clearly and unambiguously to its antecedent. Here are three common types of faulty pronoun reference: Ambiguous reference occurs when a pronoun can refer to more than one antecedent.
what is a general pronoun reference? Pronoun reference is the practice of making pronouns refer clearly to the words they replace. A pronoun takes the place of a noun; thus, the pronoun must agree with the noun it replaces in number and person. Also, it must be clear which noun the pronoun is substituting for.
Beside this, what’s a vague pronoun reference?
A pronoun is a part of speech that can replace a noun; its antecedent is the person, place, or thing to which the pronoun refers. A vague pronoun reference might include words such as it, that, this, and which, and can leave the reader wondering what or to whom the pronoun refers.
Can you start a sentence with a pronoun without an antecedent?
A pronoun should refer clearly to one, clear, unmistakable noun coming before the pronoun. Unfortunately, it is very easy to create a sentence that uses a pronoun WITHOUT a clear, unmistakable noun antecedent. Example: The pronoun it does not have a clear noun antecedent.
What is a faulty or vague pronoun reference?
Every pronoun you write should refer clearly and unmistakably to ONE PARTICULAR noun. We call this noun the antecedent. The pronoun reference is faulty here because the pronoun it has two antecedents. Such errors, called FAULTY or VAGUE PRONOUN REFERENCE, can confuse readers and obscure the intended meaning.
How do you correct an ambiguous pronoun reference?
Use direct quotation rather than indirect quotation to correct the ambiguous pronoun. Since there are two possibilities of which she was late to work, there are two corrected sentences that might be used, depending on which is true. Emma told Nancy, ‘You were late for work.
How do you fix a pronoun error?
Rules for Finding and Fixing Pronoun Reference Errors Understand the problem. Exercise caution when you have two singular antecedents with the same gender. A possessive noun should not be the antecedent for a pronoun. Use the pronoun they with precision. Use the pronoun it with precision. Confirm that the pronouns this, that, and which have single, clear antecedents.
What is an ambiguous pronoun reference?
An ambiguous pronoun reference is one in which the antecedent is not clear. Take the following sentences for example: Ambiguous Reference: Unless the antecedent appeared earlier in the text, this is an ambiguous reference.
What is a pronoun error sentence?
Pronoun-Antecedent Errors. Pronoun-antecedent errors happen when a pronoun does not agree with its antecedent, which can create confusion in your writing. Pronouns are generic noun replacements such as him, her, it, and them. An antecedent is the noun that the pronoun replaces.
Which sentence contains an unclear pronoun reference?
Unclear Pronoun Reference makes sentences confusing, vague, and difficult to understand. Both Isabel and Barbara loved her children. A pronoun refers to a noun.
What is reference grammar?
In English grammar, reference is the relationship between a grammatical unit (usually a pronoun) that refers to (or stands in for) another grammatical unit (usually a noun or noun phrase). The noun or noun phrase that a pronoun refers to is called the antecedent.
Can you begin a sentence with a pronoun?
Avoid starting a sentence with the pronoun this or that unless it is followed by a noun or refers clearly and directly to a noun in the previous sentence. These pronouns should not be used to refer to the concept of the entire sentence (or paragraph, or essay) preceding it.
How can you know if a sentence has a vague pronoun?
Replace the pronoun with its correct antecedent: A vague pronoun reference also occurs when they, them, their, theirs, it, or its is used without its antecedent. They say that this nail polish dries in less than five minutes. The pronoun they is used without its antecedent, so the meaning of the sentence is unclear.
How do you identify an antecedent of a pronoun?
When you check your own sentences to determine if the pronouns agree with their antecedents in both number and person, look first for what the antecedent is. Then match the antecedent with a pronoun that is consistent in number. For example, if the pronoun is singular, the antecedent should also be singular.
What does intensive pronoun mean?
In English grammar, an intensive pronoun is a pronoun ending in -self or -selves that serve to emphasize its antecedent. Intensive pronouns have the same forms as reflexive pronouns: myself, ourselves, yourself, yourselves, himself, herself, itself, oneself, and themselves.
What is an example of a vague statement?
Vagueness refers to a lack of clarity in meaning. For example, Go down the road a ways and then turn right is vague because “a ways” does not precisely explain how far one should go down the road. Ambiguity is when there is more than one clear meaning, and it is difficult to choose which meaning was intended.