The rational basis test is a standard of review applied by courts to questions of constitutional law. Under this test, a law will be declared constitutional so long as it is rationally related to a legitimate government interest.
Rational Basis Test. A test used to determine whether a law or governmental regulation or action violates the equal protection clause. The rational basis test is used in most circumstances, such as reviewing economic regulations.
Secondly, what are the elements of the rational relationship test? The Requirements of the Test To pass the rational basis test, the statute or ordinance must have a legitimate state interest, and there must be a rational connection between the statute’s/ordinance’s means and goals.
what are the 3 levels of scrutiny?
You’ve likely heard that there are three levels of scrutiny used by courts to evaluate the constitutionality of laws: rational basis review, intermediate scrutiny, and strict scrutiny. You probably know that any law that classifies people according to their race is subject to strict scrutiny.
What does rational basis mean?
Rational basis is the default level of review that a court applies when engaging in judicial review. Under rational basis scrutiny, the means need only be “rationally related” to a conceivable and legitimate state end.
What is the rational basis test and why is it important?
One standard of review that is used frequently by courts to resolve constitutional quandaries is the rational basis test. Under the rational basis test, a court must determine whether a law is rationally related to a legitimate government interest. If the answer is ‘yes,’ the law is constitutional and can be applied.
What is reasonable basis test?
Reasonable-basis test. Definition: A test applied by courts to laws that treat individuals unequally. Sentence: Such a law may be deemed consitutional if its purpose is held to be “reasonably” related to a legitimate government interest.
What does strict scrutiny apply to?
Strict scrutiny is often used by courts when a plaintiff sues the government for discrimination. To pass strict scrutiny, the legislature must have passed the law to further a “compelling governmental interest,” and must have narrowly tailored the law to achieve that interest.
What falls under intermediate scrutiny?
Intermediate scrutiny is a test courts will use to determine a statute’s constitutionality. To pass intermediate scrutiny, the challenged law must: further an important government interest. and must do so by means that are substantially related to that interest.
What is a legitimate government interest?
A legitimate government interest usually applies when the government is trying to pass a law to protect the health, safety, and economy of it’s citizens.
What is the rational basis test and why is it important quizlet?
Applied to most state/federal regulatory schemes (licensing, alcohol, cigarettes, etc). Rational basis test is used: Burden of proof is on the plaintiff to show that there is no rational basis whatsoever for the government’s rules.
What is the test of strict scrutiny?
The test for whether a law passes the strict scrutiny review is whether the law was passed to further a compelling governmental interest and whether the law is narrowly tailored to achieve the interest. In addition, the law must be the least restrictive way to achieve the compelling governmental interest.
What is the rational basis test quizlet?
This is the highest level of scrutiny applied by courts to government actions or laws. Rational Basis Test: A classification is presumed valid so long as it is rationally related to a constitutionally permissible state interest. strict scrutiny: law singling out racial or ethnic minority.
Where did strict scrutiny come from?
The notion of “levels of judicial scrutiny”, including strict scrutiny, was introduced in Footnote 4 of the U.S. Supreme Court decision in United States v. Carolene Products Co. (1938), one of a series of decisions testing the constitutionality of New Deal legislation.
What is the lowest level of court scrutiny?
Rational Basis Review
Is age a suspect class?
Later cases have labeled sex(5), parental marital status(6), and parental legal immigration status(7) as quasi-suspect classifications subject to intermediate scrutiny, while some classifications found not suspect include age(8), physical(9) and mental(10) disability, and poverty(11).
Why is gender a quasi suspect class?
Quasi-suspect class Intermediate scrutiny is applied to groups that fall under a “quasi-suspect classification.” Gender and legitimacy of birth have been held to be quasi-suspect classes. It was the first time a federal court had applied quasi-suspect classification in a sexual orientation case.
What is the equal protection test?
The Equal Protection Clause is a clause from the text of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. The clause, which took effect in 1868, provides “nor shall any State  deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws”.
What level of scrutiny is age discrimination?
Finally, there are groupings courts usually consider to be legitimate. These groupings can be among other things, age-based, criminal record-based, or class-based, and receive “rational basis” scrutiny. As previously mentioned, the level of scrutiny determines what conditions a law must meet to be constitutional.